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Thread: Central Government Body to regulate adoption - Central Adoption Resource Authority

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    Central Government Body to regulate adoption - Central Adoption Resource Authority

    Central Adoption Resource Authority


    Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is a statutory body of Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India. It functions as the nodal body for adoption of Indian children and is mandated to monitor and regulate in-country and inter-country adoptions. CARA is designated as the Central Authority to deal with inter-country adoptions in accordance with the provisions of the Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption, 1993, ratified by Government of India in 2003. CARA primarily deals with adoption of orphan, abandoned and surrendered children through its associated /recognised adoption agencies.

    A new online portal is established for the prospective parent(s) to register, submit application and apply for court orders. The new Adoption Regulations, 2017 and the amendment to the Juvenile Justice Act 2015 are amended with lot of beneficial provisions to remedy the defects in the HMA and GWA.

    Salient aspects of Adoption under HAMA and JJ Act, are as tabulated underneath:-

    Hindu Adoption Act
    (a) Only for Hindus
    (b) Same sex children cannot be adopted
    c) Children only up to 15 years of age can be adopted
    (d) Registered deed finalizes adoption, court permission required in some cases Adoption order finalizes adoption
    (e) An OAS child in SAA/CCI belongs to the State & cannot be adopted under HAMA.
    (f) Suitability of the PAPs, sourcing of the child and the post-adoption follow up cannot be ascertained/ensured for adoption under HAMA
    (g) Courts may require services of Scrutiny Committee in case declaratory suit is filed for adoptions under HAMA
    (h) Inter-country adoptions can not be done under HAMA as these fall under private and direct adoption and is not supported by Hague Convention on Adoptions (Para 22 & 23 of Ch 6 of Hague Convention Information Brochure)

    JJ Act
    a. A Secular Act
    b. No such conditions
    c. Children up to 18 years of age can be adopted
    d. Adoption order finalizes adoption, deed is not required
    e. JJ Act provisions for rehabilitation of OAS children in the SAA/CCI and these children have to be placed in adoption under this Act
    f. Welfare & Best Interests of the Child is ensured due to the built in mechanisms in the JJ Act
    g. There is no requirement of scrutiny and the same has not been envisaged under JJ Act due to the built in scrutiny mechanisms.
    h. All Inter-country adoptions shallbe done as per provisions of thisAct. (Section 56(4) of the JJ Act,2015)

    Your queries and comments are welcome!

  2. #2
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    Never heard of CARA before up until now. Do we have any branch offices in Telangana

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